The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting recession are wreaking havoc on Wisconsin. The state is likely facing a massive revenue shortfall, which will significantly affect its budget and ability to provide crucial services.
If the President and Congress do not provide substantial additional aid, Wisconsin state and local governments will be forced to lay off teachers and other workers, cut important services like health care and education, and take other actions that would make the recession longer and more painful. These budget cuts would fall most heavily on families with low incomes and people of color, who have already been hit the hardest by the pandemic and the recession.
States need to keep money flowing through communities to help the economy recover. But the pandemic forced the closure of a lot of economic activity, which resulted in huge job losses and correspondingly less revenue to pay for critical services that help communities thrive economically. In May, Wisconsin had an unemployment rate of 12.0%, one of the highest rates ever recorded, with roughly 375,000 more state residents without jobs compared to February. Approximately 720,000 Wisconsinites, representing 23% percent of the state’s February labor force, have filed unemployment insurance claims since the beginning of March.
Absent federal action, Wisconsin’s job losses could get even worse. A recent analysis conducted by the Economic Policy Institute estimates that without additional federal aid, Wisconsin will lose nearly 100,000 public and private jobs by the end of next year.
Wisconsin has not yet released information on projected shortfalls for the state budget, but every state that has released COVID-19-related budget data has noted significant shortfalls for the next several years. The shortfall will create a severe funding crisis for schools, health care, and other critical services. Cities in Wisconsin are facing serious revenue shortfalls as well. Milwaukee alone has recently projected a budget shortfall of $450 million. Studies on the Great Recession have found that forcing state and local governments to deal with severe budget constraints through austerity dampens long-term economic growth, prolongs spells of high unemployment, and extends recessions.
Health care in Wisconsin is also in jeopardy. Medicaid caseloads could increase by as much as 291,000, or 30%, through next year, a massive and unprecedented spike. Wisconsin desperately needs help to cover those who are newly unemployed and expected to enroll in Medicaid and offset extra Medicaid costs related to coronavirus. Without proper funding, the state will be unable to treat at-risk patients, keep families healthy, or provide life-saving care. Funding Medicaid is critical to ensuring that Wisconsin can respond effectively to the coronavirus public health crisis and the current economic recession.
The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act, which passed the House of Representatives on May 15 with bipartisan support, includes provisions that would help Wisconsin avoid additional layoffs and devastating cuts to services. Specifically, it would:
- Allocate $8.5 billion to the state and $7.5 billion to local governments in Wisconsin over the span of two years, which would save thousands of jobs, and help maintain the uninterrupted delivery of public services like health care, first responders, and safe drinking water.
- Increase Wisconsin’s Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP) and provide an additional $1.9 billion in Medicaid dollars to Wisconsin over an 18 month period.
- Provide $1.4 billion for education in Wisconsin, including $915 million for public K-12 schools and $422 million to public colleges and universities, which would save 10,000 jobs supporting K-12 education and 2,800 supporting higher education. This funding would help strengthen distance learning and teaching strategies to keep students and teachers healthy.
As the recession stretches into the second half of 2020, it is becoming increasingly clear that states and local governments are at the forefront of combating the pandemic and its economic fallout. State and local governments have a specific responsibility to address the racism and discrimination that have exacerbated the pandemic and recession for immigrants and families of color. From keeping students enrolled in remote learning programs to equipping community health centers with the protective gear needed to safely treat COVID-19 patients, state and local involvement can be seen and felt everywhere.
It is likely that both the coronavirus pandemic and the recession it led to are far from over. Congress must act to get states and localities the aid they desperately need. Wisconsin and its residents can’t afford to wait.