Medical Redlining: North side coalition renews call for health equity at St. Joseph Hospital
Almost one year ago, Ascension, the largest non-profit health system in the United States, announced its plan to greatly reduce the services offered at St. Joseph Hospital. St. Joe’s is the only remaining general hospital on Milwaukee’s North Side. Many of us in the community saw this as the first step toward closing the hospital.
There was good reason to be worried, because Ascension has done the same to hospitals in cities around the country: first claim that the hospital is no longer needed to meet patient demand, then reduce services, finally shut it down. Ascension very recently pushed a similar narrative at Providence Hospital in Northeast Washington DC, a predominantly African American neighborhood. That hospital is now closing, despite heavy community opposition and a city lawsuit.
The racial aspect of Ascension’s machinations is undeniable. At the same time that Ascension proposes closing the sole hospital in predominantly black neighborhoods, it invests millions into Columbia St. Mary Hospital on the predominantly white East Side. Although Ascension cited St. Joe’s financial woes as a reason for the proposed cuts, Columbia St. Mary’s was losing even more money.
Many African Americans residing on the North Side were either born at or have had children born at St. Joe’s. The hospital is the closest facility for expectant mothers and those with complex medical needs who rely on a nearby hospital to manage their conditions.
There are deep racial issues in this great city of Milwaukee, and its reputation as one of the worst places in America for black people is well known. According to the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute, Milwaukee ranks barely ahead of Menominee County, a Native American reservation, as the county with the worst health outcomes in Wisconsin.
Health disparities weigh heavily on black residents of Milwaukee. The lived experience of African Americans in this city is one of great inequity and lack of access to appropriate healthcare services. The North Side is still impacted by the closing of St. Michael’s Hospital in 2006. We simply cannot afford to lose the only remaining full-service inpatient health facility in the area. The North Side needs St. Joe’s.
Thankfully, residents and community organizations came together last year to form the “Save St. Joe’s Coalition” to stop Ascension from closing the hospital. We went door to door to hear from the community and to ask residents what they want and need from St. Joe’s. We held town hall meetings and Ascension was forced to listen.
We heard heartbreaking stories from residents about the likely impact of healthcare cuts and a hospital closure. In the end, all of Ascension’s planned service reductions were halted publicly.
We are now a year beyond the proposed cuts, and we are renewing our fight to retain – and strengthen – St. Joe’s. Milwaukee’s North Side needs more healthcare infrastructure, more inpatient beds, an urgent care facility, more clinics – not less.
The Save St. Joe’s Coalition is now SJAC, the St. Joe’s Accountability Coalition. Our goal is to ensure that Ascension respects the will of the community, by improving care and adding services at St. Joe’s, rather than reducing services. But we cannot do this alone. We need all hands on deck to hold Ascension accountable.
We need visionary leadership from our elected officials and real resource commitment from Ascension. As the healthcare access crisis heats up in cities and states across the country, Ascension is not alone in pursuing a corporate strategy that shifts resources away from struggling urban neighborhoods toward affluent suburban neighborhoods, where the patient population is well-insured. This profit-chasing market model of healthcare delivery in the United States endangers the health and the very lives of many of us in urban neighborhoods.
We are fighting for public policy to protect the most disenfranchised communities in Milwaukee, and to change the dismal health outcomes in our city. We invite residents, healthcare providers, and concerned citizens to join us in charting the way forward.