The City of Milwaukee is facing a series of crises seemingly at odds with each other. On one hand, Milwaukee has helped fuel mass incarceration as much as, if not more than, many other cities in the country, and wants to do its part to end it. On the other hand, the primary way that we currently create safety is to send people to jail. The common thought is that if we lock less people up then there will be less safety. How are we to end mass incarceration?
In another series of conflicting crises, the city’s police budget has ballooned close to 25% since 2014, to the point of being unsustainable while many neighborhoods continue to lack access to the opportunities and services necessary to thrive. On the other hand, city leadership is reluctant to reduce police numbers to ease the budget. How do we fund community services?
To solve this budget crisis and deal with mass incarceration we must re-imagine what public safety looks like and how we create safe & thriving neighborhoods. If creating safety means cutting critical services to neighborhoods in order to continue locking people away for years, then we can not expect to ever be out of these situations.
During Chief Morales’ testimony to the Finance & Personnel Committee on October 10th, he acknowledged that “more police will not drive down crime.” And even as the Police Union and Aldermen Donovan and Borkowski have resorted to fear tactics – claiming that fewer officers “could increase response time and encourage criminals.” Yet in 2018, a year that saw a reduction of 27 sworn officers both homicides and non-fatal shooting decreased from 2017. Thus, if credit is given to the Milwaukee Police Department, they were able to do more with less.
Even with more revenue from the state and local taxes, with our current priorities we’ll only continue to invest more into police, leaving our budget and pension system out of balance. Rising police costs will continue to cause cuts in other city departments such as libraries, public works and neighborhood services, worsening the underinvestment into neighborhoods. In no scenario is spending almost half of our budget on police a just, equitable or sustainable investment.
We believe that true public safety comes from people having their basic needs met. If we take a step back and analyze what creates safe neighborhoods, we see that it is not the number of police officers but the presence of and access to resources & opportunities. A smarter investment would begin to tackle the roots of crime and violence: poverty & trauma.
Our plan would prioritize things that do just that: a $9 million investment into non-police violence prevention programs that target those most likely to be a perpetrator or victim of violence, a $9 million investment into the city’s youth jobs programs that employs and trains thousands of the city’s young people and $7 million investment into affordable housing strategies that empower and rebuild neighborhoods. The city should also dedicate a portion of these funds to be allocated via participatory budgeting, a process that would seek input from all residents on how the funds should be spent.
We call for this because we’ve seen that people with jobs (especially young people) and a decent, secure place to call home are much less likely to commit crimes. We’ve seen that people who are less socially isolated, have positive mentors and a support system are less likely to commit crimes. And simply because we believe that everyone deserves to be treated with dignity. As easy as it is to see the downtrodden and “trouble makers” as people to be thrown away in prisons until they just magically “get it together,” the more just approach would be to make sure that all people are economically secure and connected in the love a community.
The City of Milwaukee can afford to take this approach if we change our priorities. It is time for the Common Council and the Mayor to listen to the will of the people, who were very clear about where they want their tax dollars to go, and reduce the police budget, and invest in meeting the needs of their constituents.
Rick Banks is the Political Director of Black Leaders Organizing for Communities (BLOC), an affiliate of the Center for Popular Democracy, and Devin Anderson is the Lead Organizer for the African-American Roundtable.